Twenty Four Scriptural Points about the Vicarious Governmental Atonement of Christ | Jesse Morrell

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Twenty Four Scriptural Points About

The Vicarious Governmental Atonement of Christ

by Jesse Morrell

http://www.OpenAirOutreach.com

(This is an excerpt from upcoming book “The Vicarious Atonement of Christ”).

1. God has a moral government over mankind (Matt. 22:37-39; Rom. 13:10; 1 Cor. 9:21) and His moral government extends over countless hosts of heaven (Ps. 103:20-21, Jer. 33:22; Heb. 12:22).

2. Government exists for the good of its subjects (Deut. 10:13; Rom. 13:4).

3. Penalty is executed to deter others from crime and upload the law (Deut. 21:21-22; Eze. 23:46-48; Rom. 11:20-22; Cor. 10:11; 2 Cor. 10:5-6; 2 Pet. 2:6; Jude 1:7).

4. Penalty is not executed to gratify God’s personal feelings (Eze. 18:32; 33:1; Isa. 63:9; Lam. 3:32-33; 2 Pet. 3:9).

5. Forgiveness is the setting aside of the execution of the penalty (1 Chro. 21:7-15; 2 Chro. 12:5-7, 32:26; 2 Sam. 24:16; 24:25; Num. 16:46-48; Ps. 78:38; 106:23, 45; Jer. 18:8; Eze. 20:17; Micah 7:18-19; Jonah 3:9-10; 4:2; Joel 2:13-14; Acts 5:31; 13:38; 26:18; Eph 1:7; Col 1:14; Heb 9:22), the pardoning of debt (Matt. 6:12, 18:27, Lk. 7:41-42), when God turns away from His wrath (Deut. 13:17; Num. 25:4, 25:11; Josh. 7:26; Ps. 78:38; 85:3-4; Joel 2:13; Jonah 3:9; Isa. 12:1; Jer. 3:12; Dan. 9:16, 19; Hos. 11:9; 14:4; Mic. 7:18).

6. The problems of forgiveness are governmental not personal, as forgiveness from a government is a delicate matter since it can have the tendency to encourage further crimes (Dan. 6:7-16; Esther 1:16-22; Ecc. 8:11).

7. God is personally reluctant to execute judgment because of His benevolent disposition and merciful heart and He personally prefers the exercise of mercy over judgment (1 Chron. 21:15; Eze. 18:32; 33:1; Isa. 28:21; Lam. 3:33; Mic. 7:18; Jn. 3:17; 8:10-11; 2 Pet. 3:9; Jas. 2:13).

8. God was gracious, merciful, and forgiving prior to the atonement (Ps. 86:5, 103:8; 145:8; Neh. 9:17), so the atonement did not change God’s disposition by making Him gracious, merciful, or inclined to forgive (Mal. 3:6; James 1:17).

9. The atonement was made because God was already loving and favorably disposed towards mankind (Jn. 3:16; Lk. 2:14; Rom. 5:8; 1 Jn. 4:10).

10. The penalty for our sins is eternal hell (Dan. 12:2; Matt. 2:46; 2 Thes. 1:9; 2 Pet. 2:9; Jude 1:7; Rev. 21:8)

11. The atonement makes possible the remission of penalty (Matt. 26:28; Acts 5:31; 13:38; Heb. 9:22; Eph. 1:7, 4:32; Col. 1:14).

12. The suffering and life of Jesus is a substitute or ransom offered instead of the punishment or damnation of sinners (Isa. 53:5; Matt. 20:28; Mk. 10:45; 1 Tim. 2:6; 1 Pet. 3:18).

13. The atonement was made to justify the mercy of God, declaring His righteousness, so that He might be just even in the forgiveness of sins (Rom. 3:24-26).

14. Given the vicarious nature of His sacrifice, the atonement has a powerful moral influence upon the hearts of men, so much so as to be able to turn sinners into saints, and this was a primary objective of His sacrifice (Matt. 1:21; Jn. 1:29; Acts 3:26; Rom. 8:4; 2 Cor. 5:15; Gal. 1:4; Eph. 5:25-27; Col 1:21-23; Titus 2:11-12, 14; Heb. 9:26; 10:10; Tit. 2:14; 1 Pet. 2:24; 1 Jn. 1:7; 3:5; 3:8; 4:19).

15. What God desires is a change of heart and obedience, not a sacrifice (1 Sam. 15:22; Ps. 51:16-17; Prov. 21:3; Hos. 6:6; Matt. 9:13; 12:7), so that a sacrifice that does not produce a change of moral character, or is not accompanied with repentance, does not save (Ps. 50:7-23; 51:16-19; Prov. 15:8; 16:6; 21:3; 21:27; Isa. 1:10-17; 56:6-7; 66:3-4; Jer. 7:21-26; 11:14-17; 14:10-12; Hos. 6:6-7; 8:11-14; 9:1-6; 12:9-11; 14:1-3; Joel 1:9;, 13; 2:12-14; Amos 4:4-5; 5:21-27; Jonah 1:15; 2:9; 3:5-10; Mic. 6:6-8; Zeph. 1:7-13; 3:10-11; Hag. 2:14; Zech. 14:21; Mal. 1:6-14; 2:10-14; 3:3-4; Matt. 9:13; 12:7; Heb. 10:8, 10:26-31).

16. The atonement was a sacrifice offered to God, not Satan (Gen 8:20-21, Exo. 29:18, 29:25, 29:41, 30:12-13; Lev. 1:9, 1:13, 1:17, 2:2, 2:9, 2:12, 3:5, 3:16, 4:31, 6:15, 6:21, 8:21, 8:28, 17:6, 23:13, 23:18, Num. 15:3, 15:7, 15:10, 15:13, 15:14, 15:24, 18:17, 28:2, 28:6, 28:8, 28:13, 28:24, 28:27, 29:2, 29:6, 29:8, 29:13, 29:36; 1 Cor. 10:20; Heb. 9:9, 10:1; Eph. 5:2).

17. Though Jesus Christ bore our sins in that He was suffering vicariously for the sake of them and on behalf of us (Lev. 16:22; Isa. 53:11; 1 Pet. 2:24), He by no means became guilty or sinful while on the cross (Heb. 13:8). He was the spotless lamb without any blemish ( 22:20; Ex. 12:5; Lk. 23:41; Heb. 9:14; 13:8; 1 Pet. 1:19; 2:22-23; 3:18), who became the sin-offering for us (2 Cor. 5:21).

18. The nature of the atonement is not such as to render salvation automatic and unconditional, as salvation through the atonement can be neglected, men are justified only when they have faith, and the ministry of reconciliation is still occurring subsequent to His sacrifice (Jn. 3:36; Rom. 5:1; Heb. 2:3; 2 Cor. 5:20).

19. Jesus died for everyone (Isa. 53:6; Heb. 2:9; 2 Cor. 5:14-15; 1 Tim. 4:10; 1 Jn. 2:2) so that salvation is available to all (Jn. 3:14-17; 12:46; Acts 10:43; Rom. 10:11; Rev. 22:17).

20. Though Jesus died for everyone, not everyone is saved through His atonement because forgiveness through atonement is conditional and salvation can be neglected (Matt. 18:21-35; Mk. 16:16; Acts 2:38; Rom. 10:9; Heb. 2:3, 10:26-31; 2 Pet. 2:20-22).

21. Those Jesus died for can still perish or go to hell (Rom. 14:15; 1 Cor. 8:11; Heb. 10:29; 2 Pet. 2:1)

22. God still has wrath after the atonement (Lk. 21:23; Jn. 3:36; Acts 12:23; Rom. 1:18; 2:5; Col 3:6; Rev. 6:17; 14:10; 16:19), in fact God has more wrath after the atonement than before because those who sin against the atonement are under more wrath than those who sinned merely under the law (Heb. 10:26-31). God will only turn from his wrath when sinners turn from their sins (Jonah 3:10; Jer. 18:8; 26:13; Joel 2:13-14). The atonement did not satisfy or pacify His wrath, but as a substitute for the execution of His wrath, His sacrifice made it possible for God to be just even when He turns from His wrath in the forgiveness of sins (Rom. 3:25-26; 1 Jn. 2:2; 1 Jn. 4:10), so that the Bible says through Jesus we are saved from the wrath to come (1 Thes. 1:10). His wrath can Passover us as it did for the Israelites (Ex. 12:13, 23) because Jesus is our Passover lamb (1 Cor. 5:7).

23. Christ did in fact drink a cup of suffering (Matt. 20:22; 26:42; Jn. 18:11), He tasted death for every man (Heb. 2:9). This cup could not be the cup of God’s wrath (Ps. 11:6; Isa. 51:17; 51:22) since the cup of God’s wrath was still full after the atonement (Rev. 14:10; 15:7; 16:19; 17:1; 21:9), and because the disciples of Jesus would drink the same cup Jesus drank (Matt. 20:22-23; Mk. 10:38-39)

 24. God is not obligated by justice to forgive those for whom Christ died for, so that when they are forgiven and justified it is done freely by His grace (Rom. 3:24; Tit. 3:7).

COMING SOON

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FREE ATONEMENT BOOK

The Scriptural Doctrine of Atonement by Caleb Burge has been said to be the best book on the Governmental Atonement theory. Burge expounds upon very profound concepts and presents them in a very intelligent and understandable way. This book was originally published in 1822. It contains pure theological gold on one of the most important doctrines of Christianity. It will be an absolute treasure in your library.

SIGN UP FOR THIS FREE E-BOOK HERE:

You will also be added to our email list and will receive free teaching videos and theological articles like the one above:

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