This is a post I made in my Facebook group Calvinism, Arminianism, Pelagianism, Wesleyanism, Finneyism, Lutheranism…
“God is never obligated to be merciful to a rebellious creature. He doesn’t owe us mercy.” R.C. Sproul
Actually, the Calvinist view of the nature of the atonement means that God is obligated to be merciful to sinners that Jesus died for. This is assumed in the Calvinist argument of a “double jeopardy.”
Calvinists say that God cannot justly punish the same sins twice so those for whom Christ died for have to be spared on the grounds of justice. It would be unjust to requirement payment for a debt that was already paid off. The entire Calvinistic argument of double jeopardy is that God is obligated by justice to save those for whom Christ died. Due to the atonement, in Calvinism, God “owes” salvation to the elect.
The Calvinist doctrine of “penal substitution” is inconsistent with forgiveness by the grace and mercy of God. Penal Substitution would obligate God by justice to spare sinners for whom Christ died. That is why Calvinists like Jonathon Edwards Jr. rejected the Penal “Payment of a Debt” theory and adopted the Governmental Atonement view instead.
~ Jesse Morrell
Objections to Calvinism As It Is by Randolph S. Foster is a classic rebuttal to the doctrines of “Reformed Theology” from the 1800’s.