The Calvinist Argument of “Double Jeopardy” in “Penal Substitution” & “Unlimited Atonement” Answered

A Calvinist said to me:

“If Jesus took the full punishment for all the sins of all men then God would be unjust to send anyone to hell. True, you have to repent and believe to be saved, but is unbelief a sin? If it is and if Jesus took the punishment for all sin, then he must have taken the punishment for the sin of unbelief too.So God would still be unjust to demand the punishment twice, once at the hand of his son and another in hell.”

I answered: The punishment our sins deserve is eternal hell. Jesus didn’t take that punishment. His atonement is a substitute for our punishment that renders our punishment remittable. But you must repent in order to have your punishment remitted through the atonement. No man’s punishment is remitted until they are converted.

But if Jesus took our punishment, we don’t have to repent and believe because He was already punished for the sins of impenitence and unbelief and therefore we cannot be punished for them. So your argument destroys the necessity for repentance and faith, and thus destroys the need for evangelism.

Evangelism would make no sense if those Jesus died for cannot be punished, since they are in no danger they don’t need to get saved through evangelism. They have already been saved by the atonement.


The Scriptural Doctrine of Atonement by Caleb Burge has been said to be the best book on the Governmental Atonement theory.

Burge expounds upon very profound concepts and presents them in a very intelligent and understandable way.

This book was originally published in 1822.

It contains pure theological gold on one of the most important doctrines of Christianity. It will be an absolute treasure in your library.



Twenty Four Scriptural Points about the Vicarious Governmental Atonement of Christ | Jesse Morrell

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